Peer Review and Ethic

Peer Review Policy

Gülhane Medical Journal is an independent, non-biased periodical publication that adheres to the double-blind peer-review process.

The manuscript evaluation process and ethical principals in this publication conform to the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (ICMJE Recommendations) (http://www.icmje.org) and The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (https://publicationethics.org/).

Submitted manuscripts are first evaluated for their scientific value by the managing editor. After the initial evaluation, an editor is assigned by the Editor-in-Chief. Each manuscript is sent to at least two reviewers by the assigning editor. Following review and the decision of the assigning editor, the Editor-in-Chief makes a decision. The procedure is the same for the initial submission and the revised manuscript. The whole evaluation process is aimed to be completed within 12 weeks. Where necessary, manuscripts are also evaluated by the statistics editor.

The dates of submission and acceptance are displayed on the first page of the accepted manuscripts.

The Editor-in-Chief and editors have the right to reject or return manuscripts to be revised for format or scientific content before the reviewer selection.

All queries should be sent to the editorial office via e-mail the following address: editor@gulhanemedj.org.

Withdrawal Policy

Withdrawal of a manuscript will be permitted only for the most compelling and unavoidable reasons. For withdrawal requests, authors need to submit an "Article Withdrawal Form", signed by all authors. The form is available at (http://glns.co/vsw7j). The submission of this form is not sufficient to complete the withdrawal procedure. The editorial office notifies the authors about the decision of the Editor-in-Chief.

In case the review process exceeds six months following editor assignment, the authors have the right to place a withdrawal request without any reason.

Ethical Considerations

Authors

Gülhane Medical Journal is committed to providing high-quality articles and upholds the publication ethics to advance the intellectual agenda of science. We expect the authors to comply with the best practice in publication ethics.

For experimental and clinical studies, approval by the ethical committee and a statement on adherence of the study protocol to the international agreements (Helsinki Declaration revised 2013 (https://www.wma.net/policies-post/wma-declaration-of-helsinki-ethical-principles-for-medical-research-involving-human-subjects/) are mandatory. In experimental animal studies, the authors should indicate that the procedures are in accordance with animal rights (Guide for the care and use of laboratory animals, www.nap.edu.catalog/5140.html) and they should obtain animal ethic committee approval.

The collected data cannot be shared with third-party persons, organizations or other affiliations. Patients' private data cannot be published.

The ''Materials and Methods'' should include sufficient information about the ethical approval along with its source and code. This section should also include the required statements that the study procedures conformed to the international standards of human and animal studies, and written, informed consent was obtained for each participant.

The declaration of the conflict of interest between the authors and institutions, and acknowledgement of any funding or financial or material support should appear at the end of the manuscript.

Editors and Reviewers

Editors and reviewers are required to report any potential conflict of interest with the submitting authors and their institutions.

Evidence of the following attempts is subject to sanctions in this journal:

Plagiarism: Republishing the data or intellectual material of someone else as one's own original work.

Fabrication: Publishing data and findings/results that do not exist.

Duplication (multiple publications): Publishing the same data or intellectual material more than once. Publication as an abstract presentation in a scientific meeting is outside this definition.

Salami publication/slicing: Publishing multiple articles by dividing the results of a single study preternaturally.

We use Crossref Similarity Check powered by "iThenticate" to screen all submissions for plagiarism before the review step and before the publication.

Author Contributions

In accordance with the ICMJE recommendations, contributions of all authors must be listed in the manuscript. Contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should not be listed as authors, but they should be acknowledged.